Gu Hailiang

New Research on Stalin’s Socialism Thought

A Historical and Realistic Analysis

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This monograph is a special effort to make an objective and practical analysis on the formation, development, basic characteristics and historical status of Stalin’s socialism thought by earnestly studying on the previous and newly released data about Stalin while striving to maintain the basic position, opinions and methods of Marxism.

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As for the main contents and opinions, this monograph has formed a relatively reasonable structure and frame of Stalin’s socialism thought studies.

Firstly, in the beginning chapter of this book, the development of Stalin’s thought on socialism was divided into four stages according to great historical events and the evolution of Stalin’s socialism thought. The first stage is the 20 years before the October Revolution, during which Stalin as a professional revolutionary, had researched on and thought about the theories of Russian proletarian revolution and Marxism. Although at this stage, the socialism thought had not been really formed, his basic values on Marxist that were formed in this stage had an important influence on the formation and development of his socialism thought later. The second stage is from the victory of the October Revolution to the year of 1924 when Lenin died and Stalin became the leader of both the party and the nation of Soviet Union, which is the period of tentative exploration of Stalin’s socialism thought. The third stage is from 1924 to 1936 when Stalin announced that he had completed the socialist transformation and the Soviet Union had entered into the era of socialist society. This is the stage that Stalin’s socialism thought wasformed. The fourth stage is from 1936 to 1953 when Stalin died, which is also the period when the Soviet Union went through the Second World War and the post-war reconstruction. This is the developing stage of Stalin’s socialism thought. The latter two stages are the main periods for the evolution of Stalin’s socialism thought, which are also the focal point of the study in this book.

Secondly, on the basis of generally summarizing Stalin’s socialism thought, in the second and third chapters, this book has made a special effort to study on the philosophy grounds of Stalin’s socialism thought and his general idea of socialism. Stalin’s philosophic thinking is an important part of Stalin’s socialism thought and the grounds of its world view and methodology. Understanding of Stalin’s philosophic thinking and his general idea of socialism should be the logical starting point of the study on Stalin’s socialism thought.

Furthermore, in this book, the study of Stalin’s socialism thought has mainly focused on his though of the economic, political and cultural development. With an emphasis on the mode and system of socialist economy, plan and market, economic growth and development, political system, class and class struggle, construction of the party, development of nations, cultural education and ideology, this book has drafted the basic contents and the main features of Stalin’s socialism thought, which are also the contents from Chapter 4 to Chapter 11, the main part of this book.

Lastly, this book has also spent some effortsabout Stalin’s theories on the relations between the world economy and politics, international communist movements and practice, which are the contents of Chapter 12 and 13.

It has to be pointed out that Stalin’s socialist thought is part of the study of Stalin’s thought, even the most important part, but it does not cover all. As a result, other Stalin’s important thoughts are not included in the final product of this study.

For the further academic research, the last two appendixes are the comments on the studies on Stalin’s thought (mainly his socialism thought) done by scholars both home and abroad.




Chapter I – The Course of Stalin’s Life and Socialism Thought
I. Stalin’s revolutionary career and theoretical explorations before the October Revolution
II. Stalin’s theory and practice of socialist revolution and construction from 1917 to 1924
III. Stalin’s theory and practice of socialist construction from 1924 to 1936
IV. Stalin’s theory and practice of socialist construction after 1936

Chapter II – Stalin’s Philosophical Thought
I. Stalin’s philosophical thought at the early stage
II. The critique of the Deborin school
III. The philosophical thought in Dialectical and Historical Materialism
IV. Stalin’s philosophical thought in his later years

Chapter III – Stalin’s Outlook of Socialism
I. Stalin’s discussions on the future of socialism
II. Stalin’s discussions on the issue of transition of capitalism into socialism
III. Stalin’s discussions on the basic features of socialism
IV. Stalin’s discussions on the issue of socialist construction

Chapter IV – Stalin’s Model and System of Socialist Economy
I. The historical conditions and theoretical background of the emergence of Stalin’s economic model
II. The impacts of the theory and practice of Soviet socialist economy
III. The development stages of Stalin’s economic model and economic system
IV. The basic features of Stalin’s economic model and economic system
V. The evaluation of Stalin’s economic model

Chapter V – Stalin’s Theory and Practice on Socialist Planning and Market
I. Stalin’s theory on socialist planning
II. Stalin’s theory on market
III. Stalin’s treatment of the relationship between planning and market

Chapter VI – Stalin’s Theory and Practice on Socialist Economic Development
I. Stalin’s thought and practice on socialist industrialization
II. Stalin’s thought on agricultural collectivization and agricultural development
III. Continuously raising and continuously improving socialist production on the basis of high degree of technology

Chapter XIII – Foreign Scholars Studies of Stalin’s Thoughts
I. On “Stalinism”
II. The relationship of “Stalinism” with Marxism and with Leninism
III. On “Stalin Model”
IV. On “Second Revolution”
V. Brief commentary

Appendix – Chinese Academic Circle’s Studies of Stalin’s Thought
I. Study on Stalin’s thoughts from the late 70s to the late 80s
II. Studies on Stalin’s thoughts from the late 80s to the late 90s
III. The new progress in the studies of Stalin’s thought in the new century


Gu Hailiang is a professor and a doctoral supervisor. He is currently Deputy Director of the Social Science Committee, Director of the Centre for the Compilation and Study of Ma Zang, Peking University, and Professor at the School of Marxism, Peking University. He was formerly Director of the Institute of the History of the Development of Marxism-Leninism at Renmin University of China, Deputy Director of the Office of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, Director of the Social Science Department, Secretary of the Party Committee and President of Wuhan University, and Director of the National Institute of Education Administration. His major publications include History of Marxist Development, History of Marxist Economic Thought Abroad in the 20th Century, Marx and the World, and History of the Sinicization of Marxism (four volumes in total). His main research areas are the history of Marxist development and socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics.


Format: paperback
Publication date: 2018
Page extent: 534
ISBN: 9786054923380


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