The History of the Colonial Expansion and North-South Relations in the 20th Century
This book is Volume 25 the of Comprehensive World History Series book project by the World History Institute of CASS, which was started in 2000s, which comprises 39 volumes, and 1.4 million Chinese characters altogether. China’s most prominent 130 history scholars have contributed to this Project.
The book in your hands, the fourth part of the “International Relations Volumes” series probes into the analysis of the relations between North and South since the formation of this division. The North-South relationship as one product of North-South division is not only the product of contemporary world society, but also a product of relatively gradual historical course closely related with European colonial expansion.
The book categorizes European metropolitan states, including the US and Japan, into the scope of the North, while refer to those Asian, African and Latin American colonies and semi-colonies as the South, preferring the terminology and conception of Humanities instead of Economics.
Scholars home and abroad understand colonial expansion and the formation and development of the North-South relationship basically in the same way. That is, the world was composed of regions far apart which tended to develop their economies independently till the 16th century. But it was since this period that Europeans cleared away territorial borders, broke through geographical barriers, and unite Asia, Africa, Latin America, some of the Pacific islands, and European countries into a whole by means of their advanced navigation technology, ever-increasing military power, economic power which took shape in this period, and colonial expansion throughout the world. As a result, the former mutually divided world was transformed into a world system dominated by Europe (including the U.S. after the WW II).
Scholars home and abroad, however, differ in their view on the formation and development of the North-South relationship within this system. Researchers in Europe and the U.S., from the classical economists in the 19th century to contemporary scholars, believe there exists a mutually beneficial relationship, especially in the economic field, between countries and regions of “the North” which are in the core and their counterparts of “the South” in the periphery within the world system because an open world market benefits both parties. In order to fully discuss and elaborate on colonial expansion and the course of the North-South relationship, we have made new explorations into the style and structure of the whole book. The whole book is divided into two parts. The first part covers chapter I to chapter IV and the second part from chapter V to chapter IX.
Part I of the book mainly includes an overall and theoretical description of the process of colonial expansion before the WWII and the development of the North-South relationship. It points out that since the 15th and 16th century with the development of capitalism in Western Europe and the great geographical discovery, colonial expansion has become an important instrument of primitive accumulation of capital by numerous colonial countries of the North, while coercing these countries and regions into an asymmetrical world political and economic system.
Part II of the book discusses systematically the development of the North-South relationship after the WW II by tracing the postwar development of international relations. After a relatively clear exposition on some major events and key points in the development process of the North-South relationship, it points out the postwar North-South relationship has undergone a process of dialogue, confrontation, and co-operation and the South-South co-operation after the war plays an increasingly important role in contemporary international relations.
1. On the North-South Economic Relations
1.1. The Concepts of South and North and the Relevant Debates
1.2. Classical Economists’ View on the Influence of the World Market
1.3. The Value and Influence of Laissez-faire
1.4. Analysis on the Concept of Imperialism
1.5. Dependency Theory on the North-South Economic Relations
2. The Eurasian Relationship before Colonial Expansion
2.1. Historical Golden Age of Intercontinental Trade
2.2. Communication of Intercontinental Civilizations
2.3. Rise of the Western Europe
2.4. A Brutal Dayspring of the North-South Relations
3. Colonial Expansion, Industrial Revolution and the North-South Relations
3.1. Colonial Expansion and Its Abject Acts: New & Old
3.2. A Mutation of Laissez-faire: Opium Trade
3.3. The Fall of the Oriental World
3.4. On the North-South Relations in Its Early Period
4. Expansion and Contraction of Colonial Empires
4.1. The Contention for the South in the Period of Monopoly Capitalism
4.2. Capital Export, Cultural Infiltration and the Awakening of the Bourgeoisie in the South
5. The Third World Embracing Political Independence
5.1. Global Situation after World War II
5.2. Victories for National Independence in Southeast and South Asia
5.3. Chinese Revolution and its Influence on the North-South Relations
5.4. National Liberation Movements in Middle East
5.5. Africa Began Its Independence Movement
5.6. Situation in Latin America
6. The Making of the North-South Political Structure
6.1. The Awakening of the Third World
6.2. The North-South Confrontation in Southeast Asia
6.3. Enhancement of China’s International Status
6.4. North-South Confrontation in the Middle East
6.5. Rise of Africa and Establishment of the Organization ofAfrican Unity (OAU)
6.6. National Independence Struggles and Regional Integration Efforts in Latin America
7. Development of the North-South Relations
7.1. Adjustment of Foreign Policies by the Major World Powers
7.2. National Independence Struggles in Southeast Asia
7.3. China’s Role and Influence in the North-South Relations
7.4. The North-South Relations in the Middle East
7.5. The North-South Relations in Africa
7.6. The North-South Relations in Latin America
8. The North-South Relations in the 1980s
8.1. USA and USSR Adjust Their Third World Policies
8.2. New Situation of the North-South Relations in East & Central Asia
8.3. New Changes in North-South Relations across the Middle East
8.4. Turbulence in Africa and Its Implications on the North-South Relations
8.5. The North-South Relations in Latin America in the 1980s
8.6. North-South Dialogue and South-South Cooperation in the 1980s
9. The North-South Relations after the Cold War
9.1. New Changes in the North-South Political Relationship in the Post-Cold War Era
9.2. New Trends of the North-South Relations in East and Central Asia
9.3. The Implications of the Middle East Turbulence on the North-South Relations
9.4. The North-South Relations in Africa and Latin America in the Post-Cold War Era
Publication date: 2018
Page extent: 370
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