Why was the Diaoyu Islands Dispute Rekindled Over?
Research by Chinese and Japanese Scholars
The China-Japan Association for the Promotion of Journalism in Beijing has initiated, arranged and presided over the compilation of this book.
The year 2012 marked the 40th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan. The China-Japan relations should have been further deepened in this memorable year. However, Japan’s unlawful “purchase” of the Diaoyu Islands and “nationalization” of the Diaoyu Islands severely infringes upon China’s territorial sovereignty and greatly hurt the Chinese people’s feelings, which has resulted in the unprecedented grim situation of China-Japan relations. Moreover, far-sighted people from the two countries have been more and more anxious about this issue.
As we all know, the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islands have been China’s sacred territory since ancient times. This is supported by historical facts and jurisprudential evidence. The Diaoyu Islands were first discovered, named and exploited by the Chinese people. Since the Ming Dynasty, the Diaoyu Islands have been put under the jurisdiction of China’s naval defense. The waters surrounding Diaoyu Island are traditionally Chinese fishing ground. Although the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islands are uninhabited, they have never been “terra nullius”. China is the indisputable owner of the Diaoyu Islands.
As an inherent territory of China, the Diaoyu Islands shouldn’t be a problem. Japan’s illegal seizure and occupation of the Diaoyu islands in 1895 has caused the current dispute. During the Sino-Japanese War, taking advantage of the Qing government’s undoubted failure, Japan incorporated the islands under the administration of Okinawa secretly. Then, Japan seized the islands for a long term by signing of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. After the end of World Anti-Fascist War, Japan surrendered unconditionally and accepted the Potsdam Declaration that determined that all territories, including the Diaoyu Islands, occupied by Japan during its invasion of China be returned to China. However, the US and Japan had underhand secret dealings. In December, 1953, the US Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands expanded its jurisdiction to the Diaoyu Islands without any form of jurisprudential justification. On June 17th, 1971, Japan and the United States signed Okinawa Reversion Agreement in order to hand over Okinawa to Japan, and the Diaoyu Islands were mapped into the handover area. Chinese government solemnly declared that such a move was flagrant, totally illegal and invalid; it couldn’t change China’s territorial sovereignty over the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islands.
Publication date: 2018
Page extent: 528
The Diaoyu Islands Belong to China
I. The Diaoyu Islands issue is a problem left over by history
II. China is the owner of the Diaoyu Islands
III. Japan’s aggressive expansion reveals its nature
IV. Private deals are illegal and invalid
V. The thief suffers from its own actions
VI. Ryukyu, from being a vassal state of the China’s Ming and Qing Dynasties to being annexed by Japan
VII. The Diaoyu Islands never belonged to Okinawa Islands
Facts Related To Okinawa Reversion Agreement of 1971
VIII. Historical truth cannot be denied
IX. Garbling and confusing
X. Settling the dispute over the Diaoyu Islands through peaceful means
Chinese Leaders’ Speeches and Government Statements on the Diaoyu Islands Issue
I. Chinese Leaders’ Standpoints on the Diaoyu Islands Issue
II. Government Statements
Scholars’ Papers and Newspapers Commentaries
I. Ironclad Evidence Shows that Diaoyu Islands is China’s Territory
II. The Textual Research on Ceding the Diaoyu Islands in the Treaty of Shimonoseki
III. On Sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and Its Solution
IV. Ownership of the Diaoyu Islands: Historical Facts
V. On the History and Jurisprudence of the Diaoyu Islands
The Cairo Declaration
The Potsdam Proclamation
Joint Statement/Communique between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan
Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between Japan and The People’s Republic of China
China-Japan Joint Declaration On Building a Partnership of Friendship and Cooperation for Peace and Development
China-Japan Joint Statement on Promoting Strategic, Mutually Beneficial Ties
Brief Introduction on Diaoyu Islands (Diaoyu Dao) and the Issue
The Sino-Japanese War
The Treaty of Shimonoseki
Separate Articles to the Treaty of Shimonoseki relating to Weihaiwei
The Signing Process of Treaty of Shimonoseki
Documents on the Cession of Taiwan to Japan
Roosevelt Proposed to Hanover Ryukyu Islands to China’s Administration
Once the US Adopted An Ambiguous Position Regarding the Sovereignty of the Diaoyu Islands
Records of the Historical Events Related to Ryukyu
Chronicle of Events Regarding the Diaoyu Islands Issue
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